RBA transport carries a risk of environmental damage and to human health because of electrolyte leaks or spills. For this reason, a set of good practices in prevention and action in the event of accident should be in place during transport, namely:
• RBAs should be transported in containers that are shock resistant, waterproof and do not react to acid (e.g. polypropylene containers);
• RBAs should be packed in vertical position with their openings closed and facing upwards;
• The means of transport should bear proper identification and signage for corrosive and toxic products, as well as have equipment to retain possible spillages or run-off;
• The driver should be trained in how to react in the event of an accident, spillage or fire, and have personal protective equipment, such as gloves, boots, vest and helmet, at his disposal.
In addition to these specific guidelines, the transport of RBAs must also comply with the regulations foreseen in Decree no. 145/2017 on the transport of waste.
In situations in which RBAs are exported/imported, it is necessary to take into consideration the fact that there are specific rules for the transboundary movement of waste – Regulation (EC) no. 1013/2006, Decree Law no. 45/2008 and Decree no. 242/2008.
This legislation establishes the procedures and control systems according to the origin, destination and route of the transfers, the type of waste (green, amber and red lists) and the type of treatment to which waste will be subject at its destination (disposal/recovery). The Portuguese Environment Protection Agency is the national competent authority for this purpose.